Robert Schumann was born in Zwickau, Germany on June 8, 1810 to Friedrich August Schumann and Johanna Christiane Schnabel. Robert Schumann was the fifth and youngest child of a bookseller. He began to compose when he was seven. At school, Schumann showed a keen interest in music and literature . His family wanted him to be a lawyer, so he went to Leipzig to study law but he hardly ever went to any lectures. He was much more interested in music and literature. Schumann took piano lessons from Friedrich Wieck.
Wieck agreed to take Schumann under his wings provided that Schumann take daily piano lessons and study music theory.Schumann proceeded to stay at the Wieck residence and developed his piano technique to a virtuoso standards. Schumann fell in love with Wieck’s daughter Clara. Clara was a brilliant pianist and often accompanied her father on concert tours.Years later, when Robert asked Friedrich Wieck for Clara’s hand in marriage, Friedrich refused.
Robert was able to marry Clara only after obtaining court orders. Schumann started to compose short piano pieces and songs. He often practised the piano for seven hours a day. However, he started to have problems with his fingers. It has often been said that he hurt his hands because he made something to stretch his fingers, but it is possible that this was due to mercury poisoning as he was under treatmet for syphilis.
Schumann spent the rest of his life composing and writing about music.He started a journal called Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music) In 1853 he met Brahms then just 20 years old. Schumann was so impressed that he published an article in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik with the heading “Neue Bahnen” (“New Paths”) in which he said that Brahms was going to be a very great composer. Brahms was to become a great friend of the Schumann family.
Schumann had often thought of trying to kill himself. In February 1854 he threw himself into the river Rhine. He was rescued by some boatmen and admittted to an asylum where he spent the last two years of his life. He died on 29 July 1856.
Piano Solo>Theme on the Name of "Abegg" with Variations, Opus 1. (1830) >Papillons, Opus 2. (1829-1831) >Intermezzi, Opus 3. (1832) >Toccata in C major, Opus 7. (1830) >Sonata in G minor, Opus 22. (1833-1835) >Carnaval. Scènes mignonnes sur quatre notes, Opus 9. (1834-1835) >Sonata in F sharp minor, Opus 11. (1835) >Davidsbündlertänze, Opus 6. (1837, revised 1850) >Fantasiestücke, Opus 12. (1847) >Fantasiestücke, Opus 111. (1851) >Etudes enforme devariations, Opus 13. (twelve Etudes symphoniques.) (1834, rev. 1852) >Kinderscenen, Opus 15. (1838) >Kreisleriana. Fantasien, Opus 16. (1838, revised 1850) >Fantasy in C major, Opus 17. (1836) >Arabesque in C, Opus 18. (1838-39) >Humoreske in Bb major, Opus 20. (1839) >Novelletten, Opus 21. (1838) >>No. 1, F major. |
>>No.2, D major.
>>No.3, D major.
>>No.4, D major.
>>No.5, D major.
>>No.6, A major.
>>No.7, E major.
>>No.8, f# minor-D major.
>Faschingsschwank aus Wien. Fantasiebilder, Opus 26. (1839)
>Waldszenen, Op. 82. (1848-49)
>Concerto, piano and orchestra, A minor-major, Opus 54. (1841 and 1845)
>Concerto, violoncello and orchestra, A major, Opus 129. (1850)
>Fantasy, violin and orchestra in C major,Opus 131. (1853)